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Behaviour Change

Changing behaviour: childhood nutrition

03 October 2017

Children’s diets are important as not only does a healthy diet help them grow and develop, but it can also relate to childhood illnesses including diabetes, obesity and asthma.

Current recommendations state clearly that breast milk is the best possible food for all babies up until six months old when weaning onto a wide variety of tastes and textures can start.

As babies turn into toddlers they suddenly become much more active, and this time they need a diet high in complex carbohydrates with moderate amounts of meat and fish and relatively low in fat and sugary foods.

Between ages two to five children should be eating a balanced diet high in complex carbohydrates and fruit and vegetables with a moderate amount of protein and low in fat and sugary foods.

From around the age of five recommendations for children and adults are the same and their diets should be relatively low in fat, and sugary foods such as sweets, cakes and biscuits should only make up a small part of what they eat.

The attached document further expands upon these recommendations, placing them in the context of childhood health and development, and provides recommendations for legislative and behaviour changes designed to improve the diet and nutritional wellbeing of children.


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